RFID Fundamentals

I realized I didn’t have any good notes on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags/badges/etc, so I figured it was time to compile that and update it while I’m at it.  This post is just a quick run-down of the frequencies, types, and common cards/IDs.  If you don’t know what an RFID is, for the purposes of most pentesting it’s a security badge or a key fob, like you can see in the image at the top of this posting.

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QuickHit: wget Website Mirroring

You may often need to mirror all (or part) of a website for offline analysis.  The ‘wget’ program has some easy features to use when you want to quickly get a local copy of a site and correct common issues (like links pointing to server locations).  Set up one of these behind the scenes while you work on other aspects, then peruse at your leisure.

Update 2018-07-21: Or just use the script I wrote to simplify this for my customized Kali build, available here.

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TILFH: Quotes and When to Use Them

One thing that always confuses me when I’m writing Bash scripts is what type of quote to use in a given situation. Luckily, Hermit schooled me with this quick rundown:

“SOMETHING” = This means evaluate what’s between the quotes.

‘SOMETHING’ = This means don’t evaluate what’s between the quotes. This is a literal string.

`SOMETHING`= This means execute the stuff between the quotes and spit out the result. NOTE: These little back quotes are hard to find. Look on the tilde key.

$(SOMETHING) = Same as above.

– Killswitch

PenTest Aliases and Setup

I like to setup a few things when I’m building an image for a pentest.  They’re helpers that keep me honest, because without them I’d likely forget something or miss some detail, and by establishing consistent patterns I reduce that risk.  To start with, I make a consistent directory structure.  For the sake of this article, let’s call it:


Next up, I generate some subfolders which are critical to my process:
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Identifying JTAG

This is a quick-hit post because as I’ve been working on some hardware hacking efforts I realized that while there are a lot of good resources on identifying JTAG interfaces and standards, there wasn’t really a good single page view of them.  With that in mind, I lifted the following images from the excellent resource at http://www.jtagtest.com/pinouts/ and put them into a single page view.  Full credit to JTAGtest… I just wanted something I could quickly reference.

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