Custom Proxmox VE LXC Images

Using Linux Containers can significantly improve deployment times to make customized instances of a system. For instance, you may want to create 10 unique instances of a system for training purposes, but don’t want to run custom code on each when it starts to generate key material, assign users, etc. Using Linux Containers can make that simple, but unfortunately it’s not always so simple to create that custom image for deployment. This post is going to cover the start to finish customization of an image (in this case, using Kali Linux) from the base image to one that can deploy in a non-privileged virtualization platform (in this case, Proxmox VE). Let’s get started!

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Starting the 2020 eChallenge Coin Redux

There’s a designer named Bradán Lane who makes some excellent hardware, and one of my favorite things he’s created is a set of challenge coin circuits. I won’t go into too much detail on them other than to note they have a fun story line, a series of challenges, and you have to exercise some basic hardware hacking skills to participate. If you’d like more details, please check out the listing for the coin on Tindie. But what if you don’t know how to get started? Well, a friend of mine (Visual) and I recently played through this, and thought we’d document how to get started for anyone who needs a little extra help. Let’s get started!

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DerbyCon 9 – TrustedSec Challenge Coin Solution

This last weekend was the final DerbyCon.  We’ll #TrevorForget.  It was also an event filled with several quick and fun CTFs… and since I’ve been deficient in posting things lately, I figured I’d catch up by showing how to solve a whole pile of them.  First up: the TrustedSec Challenge Coin!  Attendees could get one of these by just showing up and asking for one, and there was a prize pack being awarded to anyone who could solve it.  I was the fifth to do so, and figured others might want to know how to get to the final message.

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Analyzing Multiple APKs At Once

This falls into that series of things where I had to make something work when there wasn’t a pre-built package, so I’m documenting it here in case (1) I ever need to do this again, or (2) someone else can benefit from it.  Let’s say you’re looking into a device that runs on Android, and it has a bunch of APKs that you have no clue what to do with… why not use some common tools to quickly process all of those files?

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Wireless Hacking

This is just a quick post to provide the presentation I gave tonight at PwnSchool.  If you’d like to review it you can download it here.  Thanks!

Topics covered:

  • Introduction to Radio Frequency
  • Wireless  Hacking (WEP and WPA2)
  • RFID Hacking (HID Prox and MIFARE)
  • Bluetooth Hacking (Bluelog/bluesnarfer/Wireshark/etc)

QuickHit: wget Website Mirroring

You may often need to mirror all (or part) of a website for offline analysis.  The ‘wget’ program has some easy features to use when you want to quickly get a local copy of a site and correct common issues (like links pointing to server locations).  Set up one of these behind the scenes while you work on other aspects, then peruse at your leisure.

Update 2018-07-21: Or just use the script I wrote to simplify this for my customized Kali build, available here.

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MSF Fundamentals 2017 (Part 1 of 3) – Console to Payload

This is quick-hit version of part one of a three part series on Metasploit Fundamentals that I wrote to update my previous work (from 2014) on Metasploit.  If you’re looking for a more hands-on/in-depth version of this article you can access training on this topic here: MSF Fundamentals – Part 1 of 3 (Startup Exploit Payload) (basic_0x02)

The purpose of this article is to get you familiar with starting up the Metasploit Framework (MSF), finding an exploit, finding a matching payload, and configuring everything up until it’s time to launch an exploit.  Part two will cover exploitation and post-exploitation modules, while part three will cover pivoting, lateral movement, and automation.  This training assumes you’re using a 2016 variant of Kali Linux and that it’s patched up to at least August 2016.  If that’s true, then let’s go!

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Wireless Attack: WPA

The following is a quick-hit list of commands for attacking a WPA wireless network. It assumes you are using a 2016 variant of Kali linux with the aircrack-ng suite installed and a wireless network card that can be placed into monitor mode (which should be about 100% of them). It also assumes that there is a WPA network with an associated client that is transmitting, and that you are running as a user with sufficient permissions to execute each of these commands.

For the sake of this tutorial the AP will be assumed to have a MAC address of “99:88:77:66:55:44” and the client will be assumed to have a MAC address of “00:11:22:33:44:55”. The wireless network card we will use will be assumed to be “wlan0”.

If a presentation is more your style of learning you can access training on this topic here: Wireless Attacks – WPA & WPS (basic_0x01)

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Metasploit Fundamentals (4 of 5) – Metasploit Dynamic Shellcode Generation

This is the fourth in a five part series on the fundamentals of Metasploit that I wrote back in 2014.  While some of the specifics have changed over time, the series still provides a good overview for the new user of Metasploit.

Links to all of the articles are listed below:


If you’ve been following this series of articles, by this point you are familiar with the tools that the Metasploit Framework provides, know your way around the Metasploit Consolse, can select, use, and control an exploit, and turn compromised systems into private routers or forwarders at will.

Obviously that’s a good start, but what about those situations in which using a pre-built exploit just won’t work? Say for instance that we’ve found a website on a system that allows us to upload a file, and doesn’t filter that file at all?

Surely there’s a way to generate some shellcode dynamically to do what we want, in the format we want, right? For instance, if we find a web server that uses ASPX and which allows us to upload our personal profile picture, but doesn’t restrict that upload in any way (e.g. lets us upload an ASPX script)? It sure would be cool if the Metasploit Framework had a way for us to create a bind shell (for instance) in ASPX on a specified port for just this purpose, wouldn’t it?

Well, strap into your seat because we’re about to do just that.

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